Thursday, February 14, 2013

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)




What is Dissociative Identity Disorder?


Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a rare disorder in which an individual has two or more distinctive identities or personality traits. These identities, or personalities, take control over the individual. Individuals with DID have the inability to recall information that goes beyond forgetfulness. Most of us actually experience dissociation but in a mild form. Mild dissociation includes daydreaming or getting lost in the moment while working on a project.dissociative identity disorder is a severe form of dissociation, a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a person's thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. Usually the primary identity carries the individuals given name and is passive, dependant and depressedd. When the next personality, or alter, takes control the individual may have a different history, self-image, and identity. The alters' characteristics include name, reported age and gender, vocabulary, general knowledge, and predominant mood. Certain circumstances or stressors can cause a particular alter to emerge. The various identities may deny knowledge of one another, be critical of one another or appear to be in open conflict. 



How does this happen?

DID is thought to stem from trauma experienced by the person with the disorder. The dissociative aspect is thought to be a coping mechanism -- the person literally dissociates himself from a situation or experience that's too violent, traumatic, or painful to assimilate with his conscious self.DID is an effect of severe trauma during early childhood, usually extreme, repetitive physical, sexual, or emotional abuse.



Signs and symptoms of DID

Depression
Mood swings
Suicidal tendencies
Sleep disorders (insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking)
Anxiety, panic attacks, and phobias (flashbacks, reactions to stimuli or "triggers")
Alcohol and drug abuse
Compulsions and rituals
Psychotic-like symptoms (including auditory and visual hallucinations)
Eating disorders


Treatment

Psychotherapy in which the individual speaks to a psychologist who helps them improve their relationships with others and to experience feelings they have not felt comfortable being in touch with or openly expressing in the past. This is carefully paced in order to prevent the person with DID from becoming overwhelmed by anxiety, risking a figurative repetition of their traumatic past being inflicted by those very strong emotions. 

MOVIES
i've watched the 1976 version of Sybil. This movie is one of my all time favorites and it is the best movie that i know of that can clearly make you understand exactly what this disorder does and how "Sybil" eventually developed this disorder. I recommend this movie to anyone who is in to mental disorders.